Implication of Enjoining & Forbidding (From the Viewpoint of the Scholars of Islamic Jurisprudential Principals)
An important debate in the science of the principles of jurisprudence is about the meaning of “command” (amr) and “prohibition” (nahī). The outcome of such a debate indeed influences the entire field of jurisprudence. The author has made an attempt in this article in the light of the scholars of different Islamic schools of thought to prove that amr (for which the imperative form of “Ifa’l” (افعل) is used in Arabic) refers to a command of a superior to an inferior to do something. All Islamic schools of thought are unanimous in accepting that when the imperative “ifa’l” is used without any conditions, it denotes obligation. Prohibiting someone from doing something by demonstrating superiority is called the prohibiting verb for which the form “latafa’l” (لاتفعل) is used. All schools of thought agree on that when “latafa’l” is used as an absolute form, it denotes prohibition and prevents the subject from doing something.
Dr. Nadeem Abbas. (2020) امر و نہی کی دلالت_ فقہی مسالک کے علمائے اصول کی نظر میں, Noor-e-Marfat, Volume 11, issue 4.